The vineyards of the village of Aiton, 30 minutes west of Chambery as one heads towards Albertville and the Alps, were always known for the quality of its Mondeuse and at the end of WWII there were 200 hectares of vines. But there were mentions of the vineyards as long as 300 years earlier. As people moved to larger towns in the 1950s and 1960s, and with the difficulty of working the vineyards (steep hillsides which were impossible for tractors ) the vines were abandoned such that by the turn of the century, there are only a few hectares still cultivated in Aiton. The hillside of Aiton, with its steep slopes and southern exposure, is bathed in sunlight throughout the day. The vines are also influenced by the wind which funneled by the surrounding mountains, flows through the valley and limits problems with rot and mold. The soil is shallow (between 5 and 35cm) according to the slope of the hill (up to 70% slope) and is composed of gray limestone, stones of degraded schist, under which run water from several small springs. Maxime Dancoine took over the domaine of Bernard and Marido Bachellier, the last remaining vignerons in Aiton, in 2016 and produced his first wines. The Bachelliers were already working organically and Maxime added biodynamic practices in the vineyard and cellar Jacquère, Mondeuse Noire, and Altesse are the principal varietals in the vineyards, but they represent only a small part of the varietals that were planted in the Savoie in the past. Since 2016, Maxime has added parcels of Persan and Etraire de la D’hui to his domaine and he has planted Jourbertin Noir, Blanc de Maurienne, Mondeuse Grise and Mondeuse Blanc. The grapes are harvested by hand and vinifications are without SO2, but sulphur is added at filtration (when there is any) or at bottling. Any operations involving the wine are done, as far as possible, according to the lunar calendar – on fruit days with a descending moon. The wine is moved as little as possible and azote or carbon dioxide is used to protect it, thus limiting the use of SO2.
Farming Practice: Biodynamic
Practicing biodynamic and organic. 100% Jacquere. From 3 parcels in Aiton whose age of the vines is at least 80 years. The slopes here are incredibly steep (up to 70%) and the soil is grey limestone soils mixed with fractured shale on southern slopes at 450 meters. Hand-harvested in late Sept. After slow pressing and the juice is cold settled over 3 days. Native yeast fermentation with some lees stirring at the end of alcoholic fermentation in order for the wine to finish totally dry. Racked down with nitrogen for protection to neutral barrels for ageing. No lees stirring during elevage and malo naturally completes. Racked backed into steel (again with nitrogen) then bottled with only a small addition of sulfur (20 mg SO2). 80 cs produced.